What’s New Pussycat? Throwing Some Light On The New Directive...
Barry Babister from MOT Juice takes a look at the changes to the scheme and the Directive EC.2014/45, which forms a large part of the Annual Training Syllabus for 2018-19. Barry is a director at MOT Juice and at CCM Garages which own and operate 5 mot bays.
I work in and around MOT testing every day and yet I am daily confronted with new terms and abbreviations, new rules and guidelines faster that I can possibly keep up.
So just for fun here is a run through the latest DVSA guidance notes where I have added some more easily palatable descriptions and cleared away some of the ‘noise’, if you are a tester then this should help re-enforce your annual training syllabus and if you are involved in the MOT scheme it with hope expands upon the DVSA offerings.
New defect categories
defects that are fails and present risk to road safety or the environment
defects that are fails and categorised as major within the fail criteria
defects that we used to term as optional advisories, but now must be listed
can still be added manually
New vehicle categories
(Class 4) or the official line is; Vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of passengers and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat.
(Class7) or the official line of; Vehicles designed and constructed for the carriage of goods and having a maximum mass not exceeding 3,5 tonnes.
Changes to test standards - items that have evolved their criteria
This year’s annual tester training partly focuses on changes between the old and new manuals, with luck we will all have used the new manual sufficiently well by the time we reach next year’s exam season to easily identify the new items.
Sections that have existing (some new) testable items that have changes to the testable criteria are most notably the following;
- Brake fluid (contaminated or below min level)
- Day time running lamps
- Front fog lamps
- Reversing lamps
- Bumpers (truly must be secure with no sharp edges)
- Prop shafts (watch out for those carrier bearings)
- All rear drive shafts (rear drive shaft gaiters now in)
- Floors (includes load security so those tippers and pick ups beware)
- Passenger hand grips (quads and heavy trikes only)
- Noise suppression material (inside bonnet and around engine bay)
- Under tray security (if likely to become detached)
- Emission control equipment (incl. O2 sensors / NOx sensors / EGR valves)
- Engine malfunction indicator lamp (plus around 9 other warning lights)
- Fluid leaks - engine, transmission etc (but not antifreeze/ screen wash / ad blue)
- Brake lining or pad wear indicator illuminated
- Brake lining or pad incorrectly mounted
- A brake disc or drum missing
- Incorrectly installed brake slack adjuster
- ABS system cannot be removed on a post 2010 vehicle
- Brake fluid contaminated
- Sector shaft condition
- Steering gear fixing holes elongated
- Electronic power steering wiring damaged or corroded
- Fly by wire steering systems
- View of exterior mirrors added
- Excessively tinted glass
- Light source and lamp not compatible
- Daytime running lamps
- Front fog lamps
- Reversing lamps
- Failures previously only applicable to large vehicles now apply to any vehicle
- Tyre obviously under-inflated
- A spring missing
- Vehicle structure now fails if its rigidity is significantly reduced
- New checks for strengthening plates and fastening
- Exhaust fumes entering cabin failure extended to all vehicles
- Fuel tank and exhaust shields missing
- Any part of a gas fuel system defective
- Bumper security
- Spare wheel carrier condition
- Tow bar safety devices and coupling indicators
- Inspection of drive shafts extended to all transmission shafts, including prop shafts
- Inspection now includes drive belts and chains ( Class 1-2)
- Inspection of body condition now includes unsafe modifications, component security,
- Cab security
- Floor condition
- Seat structure condition
- Seat belt not functioning as intended
- Noise suppression material
- Exhaust emission control equipment
- Induction leaks
- Engine malfunction indicator lamp
- Evidence that a diesel particulate filter (DPF) has been tampered with
- Hybrids and EVs are not exempt from the MOT test
- No special equipment is required to test Hybrid or EVs, any mot bay can test them
- No special training is required to test Hybrid or EVs, and class 4-7 tester can test them
- EVs are not sitting around waiting to electrocute you, they are safe and designed to be safe
- A hybrid is a vehicle which has two different power sources
- Typically, an EV will run using 350 volts DC, these high voltage cables are orange and should not be disconnected or interfered with.
- Once powered down the high voltage cables are isolated, so inspection should be safe. If a HV cable is found to be damaged or inner cores exposed the test should be aborted and the car failed under section 4.11 (new manual)
- Always familiarise yourself with the controls before testing commences, ask the presenter for help if needed and be sure you know how to ‘power down’ the vehicle.
- Never touch the throttle pedal when stationary as some Hybrids may move off using electric drive
- Do not take for granted that high voltage lines have been powered down, just assume they are live and respect them accordingly
- Ensure your assistant is fully trained on driving and powering down a Hybrid or EV before you allow them into the test bay
- Take care when checking under bonnet as Hybrid engines can self-start to charge batteries
- The use of an assistant is recommended even for OPTL or ATL lanes, if you don’t have an assistant available why not ask the vehicle owner.
- Apply the parking brake at all times apart for the sections of the test which require wheel rotation
- Powering down – if the vehicle has a traditional key and ignition then simply remove the key and apply the hand brake
- Powering down – if the vehicle has a keyless setup then ensure that the ‘ready’ or dash lights are NOT illuminated, place the vehicle in park or apply the handbrake and keep the key at least 10 feet away from the car (that’s 3 meters for the younger testers)
- Powering down – where there is a push button system ensure that the ready mode is not displayed (this is usually a green car icon on the dashboard)
Changes to test standards - new items added
These are the headline new testable items (there are more than listed here but they will be rarely used so let’s focus on the main ones), make sure you learn these new items as failure to test a testable item is never good in the eyes of the DVSA
Brakes, new failures for;
Steering, new failures for;
Visibility, new failures for;
Lamps, Reflectors and Electrical Equipment, new failures for;
Axles, Wheels, Tyres and Suspension, new failures for;
Chassis frame and Attachments, new failures for;
Other Equipment, new failures for;
Nuisance = This new Section includes noise, emissions and fluid leaks, new failures for;
The DVSA guidance then moves on to Electric and Hybrid
Firstly, an easy win, if by chance you are presented with a Hydrogen Cell Vehicle then call the DVSA for advice on how to proceed
Then let’s run over the main thrust of the DVSA training in and around Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (EVs) via this bullet point list (these points are direct guidance from DVSA on subjects that will be included in this year’s annual exam, your annual training curriculum should go into greater detail but this is a good guidance without too much ‘noise’ around it);
Data Protection is also a focal point of this year’s training curriculum, so let’s refresh ourselves with the salient points that DVSA would like us to absorb and remember;
- Do not share information with anyone who would not normally have access to that information, this does include MOT test result information
- Unless you are instructed to do so by the current MOT Testing Guide, the Inspection Manuals or a Special Notice you must NOT share any information with a third party or a member of the public who would not normally be expected to have access to that information
- Make sure that you do not access personal information where there is a risk that unauthorised persons may be able to see that information
The remaining section talks about TQI and Quality management. These are actually a much wider topic so I will cover them in greater depth in a different article.
I hope this has slightly condensed the guidance for you.
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